Knowing what influences affect a child’s development and childhood is essential. With this topic, it’s crucial for students to understand the major points and alternative techniques. Additional instances include delinquency, and I’ll explain how various ways can be used to break down and identify the weighted elements.
The sociological perspective is the first to grasp. The term “socio” refers to sociology, society, and socially relevant concepts. They all share a common theme: social interactions, behavior in society, and connections between those interactions and how they came to exist in society. Underlying human contact and conduct is the concept of “social capital.” It simply implies that, when used to childhood development, the sociological approach looks at the child’s relationships with others as well as his or her own experiences to determine how these things shape and mold his or her early life (Gannon, 2020).
The Biological Approach is the second method to be addressed. The term “bio” refers to life or the study of the physical body, which is the focus of the term. Development can be explained in terms of physical processes. To begin with, it explains how genes influence a person’s physical and behavioral qualities.
In this case, Nature versus Nurture might be linked. Biological Approach to Childhood This is where some people believe that certain traits are passed down from generation to generation. Contrary to popular belief, some people believe that the environment has a significant impact on how they behave. Secondary to the Biological Approach to childhood development, physiology and maturation also play a significant impact. Developmental patterns can be described by hormone functioning and brain maturation, as summarized by these perspectives.
The psychological method is a third way of looking at childhood and how it develops. In this method, sexual aggression, social upbringing, cognitive functions and environmental influences on cognitive functions are all considered. Perception, schemas, and memories are continually being influenced by the environment. This is best explained by Sigmund Freud. According to Sigmund Freud, there are various stages in the development of a child’s sexuality(Mathews, 2019). Stages include oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital, and erectile dysfunction. From birth to adolescence, there are four distinct stages. During the oral stage, the baby is rewarded by the sensations in his or her mouth. The second stage is the anal, in which the youngster receives pleasure from urinating. It’s at this point that sexual curiosity takes hold.
Latency is the fourth stage, in which curiosity and desire for school activities and same-sex friendships come into play. A kid or young adult’s sexual preferences and interests, relationships, and orientation are established during this stage. Furthermore, the child’s environment or upbringing influences the pace and order of these stages (Wood, 2018). Children who come from families with unstable parents are an illustration of this. Drug-addicted high school dropouts and prostitutes at 17 could be the parents of the child. The mother’s effect on the child may be influenced by this environment, which could lead to an earlier onset of the phallic stage. As a result of the father’s effect on the child, the latency stage may potentially begin early.
It is possible to draw comparisons and contrasts between the sociological and biological and psychological. A Sociologist, on the other hand, would focus on the interactions and underlying principles of human behavior. Genetic or physiologic underpinnings of behavioral features would be discussed by biologists. Children’s cognitive structure would be examined by a psychologist, who would talk about how it evolved over time. All techniques have a part to play in the development of a kid and the circumstances that influence the youngster.
Children’s socialization is an essential part of their development. They begin the procedure with their loved ones at home first. Then, in school, they continue it with their classmates and teachers. During this time, students are taught how to function as members of specific groups of people. These groups will influence their conduct, beliefs, values, and morality if they join them. The early years of a child’s life are especially susceptible to the influence of socialization because they are socially, physiologically, and mentally sensitive. When the child is older, he or she is likely to adapt to society’s accepted standards and ideals. In a nutshell, socialization can be summarized as this. It’s both a learning and teaching experience. When interacting with others in a social setting, it is inevitable that an individual will adopt or adopt a behavior that is consistent with what the other individuals think. The social perception that wearing white after Labor Day is inappropriate is an example of this. Contrary to popular belief, nursing in public is not always a good idea. A few of these ideas have been widely adopted or rejected by society. When it comes to establishing a sense of self, understanding how to set and work within boundaries, developing problem solving abilities, critical thinking, and proficient social interaction, socializing is vital to the development of a kid.
There is a lot to cover when it comes to the subject of childhood development. To get to the bottom of it, conventional theories and language might be applied (Wei, 2018). Theorists’ opinions, instances of prevalent social beliefs, and overviews of the sociological, biological, and psychological perspectives have been used in this case to demonstrate how childhood and childhood development are influenced by these various factors. It is possible to get a clear picture of how important socialization is for children and their upbringing through research and deductive reasoning.
Mathews, B., & Collin-Vézina, D. (2019). Child sexual abuse: Toward a conceptual model and definition. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 20(2), 131-148.
Wood, D., Crapnell, T., Lau, L., Bennett, A., Lotstein, D., Ferris, M., & Kuo, A. (2018).Emerging adulthood as a critical stage in the life course. Handbook of life course health development, 123-143.
Wei, L. (2018). Translanguaging as a practical theory of language. Applied linguistics, 39(1), 9-30.
Gannon, B., & Roberts, J. (2020). Social capital: exploring the theory and empirical divide. Empirical Economics, 58(3), 899-919.