What is a microgrid and its advantages/disadvantages to our current electricity grid?
A micro-grid is a sustainable energy source that acts as a single entity and can be used in connected grid and islanded grid modes (Raya-Armental, et al., 2021). Micro-grids attract the minds of environmentalists due to the growing global concerns like air pollution and the incline of energy demands from our rapidly expanding populations. Microgrids can reduce greenhouse emissions, and lower energy prices, along with the fact it is a future potential to power remote locations (Raya-Armental, et al., 2021). The many benefits of renewable energy sources such as microgrids, can be easily explained and argued over. Though it may not always have a positive affect on all areas. While micro-grids are still in the works of being managed for islanded micro-grids, this can create weakened stability and reliability in the systems. The unknown amount of energy availability creates even less reliability in the system. While the future lowered costs continue to be a topic of conversation and is seen as a benefit, there are far more technological constraints and complex technical systems to be accounted for in order to make this a positive population benefit.
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