Read the article “Medieval Philosophy” from the web, Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy. Explain the sharp contrast between the Ancient/Greek philosophy with Medieval Philosophy in general and compare the views and methods used by the Greeks thinkers (Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle) with the Medieval thinkers (Augustine, Anselm, and Aquinas) regarding their view on reality, nature and existence of God, immortality of soul, human nature, etc. Review the content of Augustine’s Confession, Anselm’s Proslogion, and Aquinas’ Summa Theologica as excerpted in the textbook. What are the positive and negative views which are discovered from both Greek and medieval metaphysics. Which of the two metaphysical sources would modern culture prefer to take as a good standpoint for explaining issues regarding nature of reality, human nature, existence of God, problem of evil, etc.?
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