Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a common condition in dentistry. This multifactorial disorder presents various symptoms that impact the patient’s health and well-being. In addition, due to its multifactorial nature and undefined etiology, the condition is challenging to treat and manage. Western medicine uses different therapeutic approaches such as pharmacological management using NSAIDS and Tricyclic antidepressants to manage the symptoms (Gauer & Semidey, 2015). Other management strategies include biofeedback, physical therapy, and acupuncture (Gauer & Semidey, 2015; Wu et al., 2017). Traditional Chinese medicine uses acupuncture to manage acute and chronic pain. This technique has been adopted to relieve pain and other symptoms of various disorders (Zhu et al., 2019). Some studies have shown that acupuncture is effective as short-term analgesia for patients with painful TMD symptoms. However, there is still inconclusive evidence to support the effectiveness of acupuncture in managing temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain. This research paper aims to evaluate the mechanism of action of acupuncture in managing temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain. In addition, the paper will assess the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating patients with TMD.
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