Define institutionalized racism and then evaluate whether institutionalized racism is to blame for these high incarceration rates. Please be sure to conduct a thorough analysis of the research in this area and cite credible sources to support your assertions.
Judges in some jurisdictions are elected. Based on your research, is it possible that judges have implicit racial biases that influence their decision-making in cases? Please elaborate and cite credible sources that support your assertions.
If a jury that has heard the case recommends a life sentence instead of a death sentence, should a judge be allowed to override the jury’s recommendation of life in prison and instead sentence the defendant to death? Why or why not?
How can the problem of disproportionate incarceration rates based on race be resolved?