The reporting architecture in a hierarchical organization. This concept defines how individuals and/or units within an organization report to one another up and down the organizational ladder. It reflects the formal power structure and where decision responsibilities lie within the hierarchy.
Span of control: The number of individuals who report to a manager. This notion questions the optimal ratio of workers to managers in an organization. Since there is no one correct way to answer this question, part of the art of organizational design is to figure this out, given the culture, strategy, and what needs to be done. An organization that gives managers too little span of control runs the risk of creating a costly and top-heavy administrative structure and encourages its managers to micromanage too few employees. On the other hand, managers who have too many employees reporting to them run the risk of inadequate supervision, feedback, and employee development.
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Chain of Command
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