Although planning and evaluation are commonly described in a linear sequential manner, they actually constitute a cyclical process. In this section, the cycle is described along with an emphasis on factors that enhance and detract from that process being effective.
Interdependent and Cyclic Nature of Planning and Evaluation A major premise running through the current thinking about programs and evaluation is that the activities constituting program planning and program evaluation are cyclical and interdependent
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and their solutions are prioritized. The planning phase includes developing the program theory, which explicates the connection between what is done and the intended effects of the program. Another component of the planning phase includes assessment of organizational and infrastructure resources for implementing the program, such as garnering resources to implement and sustain the program. Yet another major component of program planning is setting goals and objectives that are derived from the program theory.