Liam is a 22 year-old who reports to you that he feels depressed and is experiencing a significant amount of stress about school, noting that he’ll “probably flunk out.” He spends much of his day in his dorm room playing video games and has a hard time identifying what, if anything, is enjoyable on a typical day. He states once he leaves the room he begins sweating and feels as if he has heart palpitations. He rarely attends class and has avoided reaching out to his professors to try to salvage his grades this semester. Liam has always been a self-described shy person and has had a very small and cohesive group of friends from elementary through high school. Notably, his level of stress significantly amplified when he began college. You learn that when meeting new people, he has a hard time concentrating on the interaction because he is busy worrying about what they will think of him – he assumes they will find him “dumb,” “boring,” or a “loser.” When he loses his concentration, he stutters, is at a loss for words, and starts to sweat, which only serves to make him feel more uneasy. After the interaction, he replays the conversation over and over again, focusing on the “stupid” things he said. Similarly, he has a long-standing history of being uncomfortable with authority figures and has had a hard time raising his hand in class and approaching teachers. Since starting college, he has been isolating more, turning down invitations from his roommate to go eat or hang out, ignoring his cell phone when it rings, and habitually skipping class. His concerns about how others view him are what drive him to engage in these avoidance behaviors. After conducting your assessment, you give the patient feedback that you believe he has social anxiety disorder, which should be the primary treatment target. You explain that you see his fear of negative evaluation, and his thoughts and behaviors surrounding social situations, as driving his increasing sense of hopelessness, isolation, and worthlessness.
· Social Anxiety
· Physical symptoms; sweating, heart palpitations
· BMI 30
· 225 lbs.
· General: Well appearing, well nourished, in no distress. Oriented x 3, normal mood and affect. Ambulating without difficulty.
· Skin: Good turgor, no rash, unusual bruising or prominent lesions.
· Hair: Normal texture and distribution.
· Nails: Normal color, no deformities.
· HEENT: Head: Normocephalic, atraumatic, no visible or palpable masses, depressions, or scaring. Eyes: Visual acuity intact, conjunctiva clear, sclera non-icteric, EOM intact, PERRL, fundi have normal optic discs and vessels, no exudates or hemorrhages.
· Ears: EACs clear, TMs translucent & mobile, ossicles nl appearance, hearing intact.
· Nose: No external lesions, mucosa non-inflamed, septum and turbinates normal.
· Mouth: Mucous membranes moist, no mucosal lesions.
· Teeth/Gums: No obvious caries or periodontal disease. No gingival inflammation or significant resorption. Pharynx: Mucosa non-inflamed, no tonsillar hypertrophy or exudate.
· Neck: Supple, without lesions, bruits, or adenopathy, thyroid non-enlarged and non-tender.
· Heart: No cardiomegaly or thrills; regular rate and rhythm, no murmur or gallop.
· Lungs: Clear to auscultation and percussion.
· Abdomen: Bowel sounds normal, no tenderness, organomegaly, masses, or hernia.
· Back: Spine normal without deformity or tenderness, no CVA tenderness.
· Rectal: Normal sphincter tone, no hemorrhoids or masses palpable.
· Extremities: No amputations or deformities, cyanosis, edema or varicosities, peripheral pulses intact.
· Musculoskeletal: Normal gait and station. No misalignment, asymmetry, crepitation, defects, tenderness, masses, effusions, decreased range of motion, instability, atrophy or abnormal strength or tone in the head, neck, spine, ribs, pelvis or extremities.
· Neurologic: CN 2-12 normal. Sensation to pain, touch, and proprioception normal. DTRs are normal in upper and lower extremities. No pathologic reflexes.
· Psychiatric: Oriented X3, intact recent and remote memory, judgment and insight, anxious mood and affect.
· Breast: No nipple abnormality, dominant masses, tenderness to palpation, axillary or supraclavicular adenopathy.
· G/U: Penis circumcised without lesions, urethral meatus normal location without discharge, testes and epididymides normal size without masses, scrotum without lesions.
The level of medical complexity encompassed by including the number of points for the diagnoses/management options and the amount/complexity of data reviewed; then identify the level of risk for complications, morbidity, mortality
In the discussion, explore how the ICD-10 Codes that you assigned impact third party payor reimbursement for this visit.
Responses need to address all components of the question, demonstrate critical thinking and analysis, and include peer-reviewed journal evidence to support the student’s position.
Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with in-text citations and corresponding references in APA format.
Please review the rubric to ensure that your response meets the criteria.