Doing gender involves creating perceived differ- ences between what is considered masculine and feminine and then using these dif- ferences to justify gender as essential or biologically linked. This process is not necessarily a conscious decision by the actors. Doing gender involves organizing activities in a way that conveys gender and perceiving the actions of others as related to gender. In this theoretical framework, gender is no longer a static social category, but a process used to reinforce the concept of mascu- line and feminine traits. Gender becomes an accomplishment and not an inherent property of an individual. Through the doing gender process, particular behaviors, pursuits, social interactions, and social–psychological perceptions become associated with a natural understanding of what is masculine or feminine. This creates situations in which behaviors are deemed as part of gender.
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Social Construction of Gender
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