› Psychosocial theory: Psychosocial theory explains human development as a lifetime interaction between a person’s personality and the environment. The eight different stages of life proposed by this theory each presents new social demands that must be resolved in order for development to continue. When these social demands cannot be met, the person experiences identity confusion and alienation from society
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› Strengths perspective: The strengths perspective emphasizes the strengths and resiliencies of the client over his or her challenges, problems, or weaknesses. Clients will do better if they are helped to identify their strengths and the resources they have in the community. It also draws from the idea that all clients are using their resources and strengths to resolve their problems; if a client is struggling to resolve a problem it is because of a deficit in available resources (e.g., the social environment), not in the client him- or herself.