1. Positivist Epistemology
Neopositivism rejects a priori definitions of the essential nature of society, culture, social structure, and institutions and insists on the operational definition of concrete phenomena. The sequence of observable consequences forming a group of sensory impressions is treated as the proper subject of sociology.
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Main Characteristics of Neopositivism
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Neopositivists are not satisfied with vague dictionary definitions and theoretical concepts. Each term must be precisely defined and translated into measurable variables. For neopositivists sociological theory is a systematic collection of concepts helpful in interpreting statistical findings.
3. Quantitative Analysis
Statistical analysis incorporating enumeration and measurement is basic to Neopositivism. Due to advances in computer technology, various methods and techniques are available. Therefore, the need is to assemble the pieces of information about the units of the social structure into a formal, mathematical system so that the relationship between the different variables can be achieved Morin, E. (1990).