1. You have been asked to design a flexible pavement, and the following daily traffic is expected for design: 5000 single axles at 10,000 lb each, 400 single axles at 24,000 lb each, 1000 tandem axles at 30,000 lb each, and 100 tandem axles at 50,000 lb each. There are three lanes in the design direction (conservative design is to be used). Reliability is 90%, overall standard deviation is 0.40, ΔPSI is 1.8, and the design life is 15 years. The soil has a resilient modulus of 13,750 lb/in2. If the TSI is 2.5, what is the required SN?
2. A three-lane northbound section of interstate (with the design lane conservatively designed) has rigid pavement (PCC) and was designed with a 10-inch slab, 90% reliability, 700 lb/in2 concrete
modulus of rupture, 4.5 million lb/in2 modulus of elasticity, 3.0 load transfer coefficient, and an overall standard deviation of 0.35. The initial PSI is 4.6 and the TSI is 2.5. The CBR is 2 with a drainage coefficient of 1.0. The road was designed exclusively for trucks that have one 24-kip tandem axle and one 12-kip single axle. It is known from weigh-in-motion scales that there have been 13 million 18-kip– equivalent single-axle loads in the entire northbound direction of this freeway so far. If a section of flexible pavement is used to replace a section of the PCC that was removed for utility work, what SN should be used so that the PCC and flexible pavements have the same life expectancy (the new life of the flexible pavement and the remaining life of the PCC)?
3. A rigid pavement is designed with an 11-inch slab thickness, 90% reliability, Ec = 4 million lb/in2, modulus of rupture of 600 lb/in2, modulus of subgrade reaction of 150 lb/in3, a 2.8 load transfer coefficient, initial PSI of 4.8, final PSI of 2.5, overall standard deviation of 0.35, and a drainage coefficient of 0.8. The pavement has a 20-year design life. The pavement has three lanes and is conservatively designed for trucks that have one 20,000-lb single axle, one 26,000-lb tandem axle, and one 34,000-lb triple axle. What is the daily estimated truck traffic on the three lanes?