Violence against LGBTQ individuals takes a similar shape to the targeted violence against women the WPS architecture has long worked to address. Of the utmost importance to recognizing gendered vulnerabilities is understanding how an indi- vidual’s multiple social identities compound the risk of violence against them. For example, the UN Human Rights Council report regarding violence against indi- viduals on the basis of their sexual orientation and gender identity explains: ‘Lesbi- ans and transgender women are at a particular risk because of gender inequality and power relations within families and wider society.’5 Carol Cohn notes that ‘gender is, at its heart, a structural power relation’.6 Gendered power relations drive homophobic and transphobic violence in similar ways to the now well-documented systemic use of rape as a weapon of war in some conflict-related environments.
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