The bond market, where bonds are purchased and sold by governments, municipalities, and enterprises, is an essential tool for financing. Bonds are financial securities in which investors lend money in exchange for interest and principal repayment from the issuer. Public projects, operations, acquisitions, and operations are funded by issuers. Current interest rates, credit risk, and market demand are only a few of the variables that affect bond prices, interest rates, and yields.
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The forex market is a global marketplace for trading currencies, facilitating international trade, investment, and tourism. Exchange rates are determined by supply and demand forces, influenced by economic indicators, interest rates, political stability, trade balances, and geopolitical events. Participants include banks, corporations, governments, institutional investors, speculators, and individual traders. Currency value is influenced by various factors, leading to fluctuations in exchange rates.