The state of Maryland has been categorized as one of the major states in the United
States, with an increasing number of migrants of different ethnic backgrounds. In this state, it
is documented that the first census took place in 1790, where a population approximating to
55, 915 was recorded. It is important to note that a series of unsuccessful census was done
earlier between 1788 and 1844. The state of Maryland was one of the states that existed
among the thirteen colonies.
In the state of Maryland, the racial background before 1860, the total population was
approximately 56,000; where indigenous Indians, African American and white Americans
dominated the region. The 1870 emancipation led to an increase in number of inhabitants and
migrants in large cities. For example, the population growth rate rose steadily to more than
500, 000 people in Baltimore. Also, it can be argued that during the time, the African
Americans became well represented in the region, with most of them residing in main cities
while others chose to remain in open fields and camps. Generally, the Great Migration had a
dramatic demographic impact across the country. For example, the relocation of millions of
African Americans to Northern and Western regions led to an increase in the population of
migrants from African-American ethnic background. Statistically, New York had 66 percent
of the black population, while Chicago and Detroit had 20 and 14 percent, respectively. Also,
the whites and indigenous Indians were well represented, besides they dominated most
northern cities inhabited the African Americans.
The states that have the oldest census data include all the thirteen colonies which were
formed right after the United States declared independence in 1776. Examples of these states
include Delaware, Connecticut, New York, New Hampshire, Virginia, Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, North Carolina, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Georgia. Generally, it is important to
note that the official census of 1790 was carried out in these states. They were the only states
that existed during the time before the constitution was revised to name or introduce other
states. In the process, the inquiries of the 1790 census called for the naming of the head of the
family and the number of persons in each household (Krieger, 2019).
Krieger, N. P. (2019). The US Census and the People’s Health: Public Health Engagement
From Enslavement and “Indians Not Taxed” to Census Tracts and Health Equity
(1790–2018). American Journal of Public Health, 109(8), 1092-1100.